By S. Trompok. Stephen F. Austin State University. 2018.
Immediately resume bimanual massage and compression following exploration and evacuation of the uterus primaquine 15mg otc. Broad-spectrum antibio- tics are commonly advocated following manual removal best primaquine 15mg, manual exploration cheap primaquine 15 mg without prescription, or instru- mentation of the uterus order primaquine 15 mg line. Examination under anaesthesia should be performed, in particular looking for ex- tended tears in the cervix or high in the vaginal vault, as these may involve the uterus or lead to broad ligament or retroperitoneal haematomas. Traumatic haematomas are rare and may be related to lacerations or occur in isolation. Lower genital tract haematomas are usually managed by incision and drainage, although expectant management is acceptable if the lesion is not enlarging. However, clinical examination must be performed to exclude other causes of bleeding: retained products, lower genital tract lace- rations or haematomas, uetrine inversion or rupture, extragenital bleeding... If conservative measures fail to control haemorrhage, it is necessary to initiate sur- gical treatment. Oxytocin infusion (syntoci- non 40 units in 500 ml of 0,9% normal saline, infused at a rate of 125 ml/h) can be used to maintain uterine contraction. The rectal route may prove advantageous because it could lessen the gastrointestinal side effects, as it can be administered to patients who are vomiting or unable to take oral medications (e. Balloon tampo- nade using either a Foley catheter, a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube or a the Rusch urological hydrostatic balloon has been shown to effectively control postpartum bleeding and may be useful in several settings: uterine atony, retained placental tissue, and placenta accreta. A Foley catheter with a 30-mL balloon capacity is easy to acquire and may routinely be stocked on labor and delivery suites. Misoprostol – 400 to 600 micrograms given – Infrequent (diarrhea, nau- – Hypersensivity to drug. If bleeding stops, the patient can be observed with the catheters in place and then removed after 12 to 24 hours. In the absence of available balloon devices, packing the uterus with sterile gauze could be attempted, with the end of the pack fed through the cervix into the vagina. The hydrostatic condom catheter is a sterile rubber catheter ﬁtted with a condom, placed into the uterus through the vagina, and inﬂated with 250 to 500 mL of saline. To keep the catheter in pla- ce, the vagina (not the uterus) must be packed with gauze. The following interventions should be undertaken, in turn, until the bleeding stops: a) compression sutures, b) bilateral ligation of uterine arteries, c) bilateral ligation of internal iliac arteries, and d) hysterectomy11. Advantages over internal iliac ligation The use of multiple vertical compression include lower complication rates, more sutures (B-Lynch suture and modiﬁcations) distal occlusion of arterial supply with less may be needed to approximate the ante- potential for rebleeding because of collate- rior and posterior uterine walls at various rals, and high reported rates of success in points to virtually obliterate the uterine controlling haemorrhaging. Compression sutures are easy to perform, less time consuming, require less surgical expertise and may be a rapidly Bilateral ligation of iliac arteries effective alternative to pelvic devasculari- sation or subtotal or total hysterectomy. These small sites may be difﬁcult or postpartum haemorrhage requires surgical impossible to isolate and coagulate or sutu- intervention. The technique differs little the pelvic retroperitoneal space and be di- from that in nonpregnant patients and the fﬁcult or impossible to isolate surgically. Total hysterectomy is preferred to Intra-abdominal packs have been used for subtotal hysterectomy, although subtotal continued bleeding from peritoneal surfa- technique may be performed faster and ces when hysterectomy has been done, a be effective for bleeding due to uterine consumptive coagulopathy exists, and the- atony. Ottawa: preventing postpartum haemorrhage in re- Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of source-poor communities: a randomised con- Canada; 2002. International Confederation of Midwives; In- ternational Federation of Gynaecologists and 10. Joint statement: management of and Manegement of Postpartum Haemor- the third stage of labour to prevent post-par- rhage. Ac- miento quirúrgico de las hemorragias obstétri- tive versus expectant management in the third cas. Puerperal febrile mor- bidity is deﬁned as an oral temperature of 38,0 ºC (100,4 ºF) on 2 separate occasions at least 24 hours apart following the ﬁrst 24 hours after delivery or a single oral temperature of 38,7 ºC (101,6 ºF) in the ﬁrst 24 hours. Overt infections can and do occur in the absence of these criteria, but fever of some de- gree remains the hallmark of puerperal infection, and the patient with fever can be assu- med to have a genital infection until proven otherwise. The source of infection should be identiﬁed, the likely cause determined, and the severity assessed. Other sources of postpartum infections include urinary tract infections, mastitis, post surgical wound infections, perineal cellulitis, respiratory infections, retained products of conception, and septic pelvic phlebitis. Maternal mortali- ty ratio due to puerperal infection is estimated to be around 3 maternal deaths for each 100. However, the death ratio in developing countries may be 100 ti- mes higher1 (see chapter 35). As a con- sequence of labor, delivery, and associated manipulations, anaerobic and aerobic bacteria can contaminate the uterus. If these in- fections are not treated aggressively, the organisms may act synergistically to form com- plex abscesses or necrotizing infections. Abdominal tenderness is generally limited to the lo- wer abdomen and does not lateralize. Some infections, most notably caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, are frequently associated with scanty, odorless lochia. Adnexal masses palpable on abdominal or pelvic examination are not seen in uncomplicated endo- metritis, but tuboovarian abscess may be a later complication of an infection originally conﬁned to the uterus. When parametria are affected, pain and pyrexia are severe; the large, tender uterus is indurated at the base of the broad ligaments, extending to the pelvic walls or posterior cul-de-sac. The result of lochia cultures must be interpreted with great care, even when the intrauterine specimens are obtained transcervically. This combination covers anaerobes, group B Streptococcus and gramnegative organisms. If no response has occurred, despite adequate doses of antibiotics, or no source of the fever is identiﬁed, a third antibiotic is added. Usually, ampicillin is added to provide better synergistic coverage for enterococci. Ultrasound may conﬁrm an abscess when ﬂuid and gas collections are associa- ted with shaggy walls and ﬂuid in the cul-de-sac. Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis is more common after cesarean section than after vaginal delivery. The mechanism of action involves the presence of a hypercoagulable state and ascent of infection from the myometrium to pelvic and ovarian veins. The diagnosis is suspected when a patient responds poorly to antibiotic treatment of endometritis and a mass is palpable on pelvic examination. When the diagnosis is highly suspected, a trial of anticoagulation therapy with heparin may suggest the diagnosis. The presence of milk in the duct, combined with nipple cracking from feeding, creates a favourable environment for infection. If a heavy bacterial inoculum is introduced into the duct system, infectious mastitis may develop. Whether the bacteria originate from the infant’s mouth or mother’s skin is unclear, and both are probably potential sources of the offen- ding organisms. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common causative agent in patients with puerperal mastitis. Other organisms less frequently isolated include group A and group B b-hemolytic streptococci, Escherichia coli, and Bacteroides species2.
Externally it is an Schulz R generic primaquine 15mg otc, Hansel R purchase 15mg primaquine otc, Rationale Phytotherapie buy primaquine 15mg with mastercard, Springer Verlag emollient purchase primaquine 15mg fast delivery. Nothing is known regarding health hazards pflanzliche Homoopathika, Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena. Mode of Administration: Fresh leaves are applied topically as a poultice or administered internally as an infusion. Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, Flower and Fruit: The flowers are terminal, large, hanging, Pharmakologie, 2. The bracts of the involucre are sharply revolute, bright yellow and often tinged purple and sprinkled at the base. American Bittersweet Leaves, Stem and Root: The plant grows from a small, ovate Celastrus scandens fern-colored corm to between 2 and 2. The stem is thin Medicinal Parts: The medicinal parts are the root and the and about 25 cm high. They have purplish or brownish spots, are about 6 cm long by 2 to 3 cm wide, minutely Flower and Fruit: The twining shrub is up to 8 m tall. The orange-yellow seed Characteristics: The fresh leaves have emollient and anti- capsules are 1 cm in diameter. Production: American Bittersweet root and bark are the root and bark of Celastrus scandens. In contrast with Veratrum album, the less No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction toxic alkaloids of the solanidane-type are here in the with the proper administration of designated therapeutic majority. Historically, American Hellebore was used internally to treat pneumonia, peritonitis, epilepsy, pain. The fruit is capsule- mucous membrane-irritating, and because they inhibit inacti- like with numerous seeds and dividing membranes. The vation of the sodium ion channels after resorption, the seeds are flattened, light-brown and winged all around. The alkaloids have a paralyzing effect on numerous excitable embryo is small and set in the tip of the fusiform endosperm. The leaves are spiralled, broadly elliptical The first symptoms of poisoning are sneezing, lacrimation, to linear-lanceolate, heavily ribbed and drawn together in a salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, burning sensation in the broad sheath. The leaves of Veratrum viride are oval to mouth and pharyngeal space, and inability to swallow; then, linear. Death occurs either through systolic cardiac arrest or through Habitat: The herb is indigenous to the swamps and moist asphyxiation. The alkaloids can also be absorbed through 0> ground from Canada to Georgia and westward to Minnesota. Production: American Hellebore root is the rhizome of Following gastrointestinal emptying (inducement of vomit- Veratrum viride. Older scientific literature describes the death of a child Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, following intake of the berries (Lewin, 1992). Mode of Administration: The drug is ground for use as an Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, infusion. They produce dark- American Liverleaf purple, pea-sized berries; the seeds are cordate. The flowering branches turn into regular, Medicinal Parts: The drug is the herb, without roots, double-rowed creepers, which diminish toward the top. They are usually reddish and have broad, suddenly acuminate and usually somewhat rounded- 3 entire-margined, ovate, unpetiolate, calyx-like bracts, up to off teeth. The upper surface is dark green, and the 1 cm long, directly under the upright flower. The fruit is oblong with Extended skin contact with the freshly harvested, bruised a short beak fitted into the semi-globular receptacle. The taken internally, severe irritation to the gastrointestinal tract, •^t numerous leaves are basal, long-petioled, coriaceous, green combined with colic and diarrhea, as well as irritation of the above and usually more or less violet beneath. The young leaves, including Symptomatic treatment for external contact consists of the stems, are densely covered in silky white hairs. The mucilaginosa, following irrigation with diluted potassium leaves later become glabrous and appear after flowering. In case of internal contact, adminis- Liverwort is a protected species in Germany, Austria, tration of activated charcoal should follow gastric lavage. Mode of Administration: The drug can be taken internally or used externally as a rinse. Habitat: The plant is indigenous to almost all of Europe except the Atlantic regions, Denmark and northwest Germa- Preparation: To make a rinse, a cataplasm can be made of ny. It is also indigenous to Korea, Japan and temperate North the squeezed fresh plant; alcohol can be used if necessary. Production: American Liverleaf consists of the fresh or dried Daily Dosage: When used internally, a single dose consists above-ground parts of Hepatica nobilis. The herb is harvest- of 2 to 4 gm as an infusion, or 2 to 3 cups from a 3 to 6% ed when in bloom and air-dried in the shade. The outer ones are almost circular and 3 Unproven Uses: Preparations of American Liverleaf herb are to 4 times as long as the sepals. The fruit is yellowish, used for liver ailments, liver diseases of all origins, jaundice, oblong-ovoid. They are oblong- Health risks or side effects following the proper administra- oval, with a grayish hilum at one end. The young shoots and leaves are covered in Evaluation of various parts of the paw paw tree Asimina triloba rust-colored down and later become glabrous. The leaves are (Annonaceae) as commercial sources of the pesticidal annonaceous acetogenins. J Characteristics: The fruit has an unpleasant smell when Nat Prod, 4:1533-42, 1995. J Nat Habitat: The plant is found in the west, south and central Prod, 55:347-56, 1992. Allergic individuals may be rhizome and extend above the water by means of a long susceptible to severe urticaria. The pure Mode of Administration: The mother tincture is used in white 23 to 32 petals are free, elliptical-lanceolate, narrower homeopathic dilutions. J The flowers open as the sun rises, close a few hours later Nat-Prod, 59:1029-34, 1996. The size of the plant varies according to depth Additional bioactive annonaceous acetogenins from Asimina of water. The leaves are swimming, alternate, long-petioled and Lewin L, Gifte und Vergiftungen, 6. The stipules are Preparation: The fluid extract is produced by percolation: triangular to reniform.
However primaquine 15mg for sale, if a patient is allergic to one class discount 15mg primaquine otc, the other class can be safely administered buy primaquine 15mg without prescription. It is thought that the allergy is to the preservative in the anesthetic buy primaquine 15 mg on line, rather than the anesthetic itself (Table 12–2). Local anesthesia can be attained in many ways including injection directly into the wound, topical application, or by a nerve block. Several techniques are available to reduce pain experienced by the patient during injection. These include using smaller gauge needles, inject- ing at a slow rate, infiltrating the wound edge instead of surrounding skin, adding sodium bicarbonate to the anesthetic solution at a 1:10 dilution, and warming the solution. Because of the possibility for systemic absorption of lidocaine and tetracaine, these anesthetics should be avoided in large wounds and mucus membranes. This augments hemostasis and prolongs the duration of action of the anesthetic by decreasing systemic absorp- tion through local vasoconstriction. Although it is controversial, it is recommended to avoid injecting solutions with epinephrine into sites such as digits, the tip of the nose, ears, and penis due to the risk of necrosis. Wound Closure Once the wound is irrigated, explored, and anesthetized, closure can begin. Below are several methods and approaches for wound closure depending on the site of injury; addressing proper methods to examine specific areas and appropriate closure techniques. Scalp and Forehead These lacerations are usually caused by a combination of blunt and sharp trauma. Careful inspection of the wound is critical, with care to palpate for depressed skull fractures, and assess the integrity of the galea aponeurosis, which covers the perios- teum. The scalp should be closed with a 4-0 monofilament suture of different color than the patient’s hair or staples can be used. Because scalp lacerations can be associated with significant hemor- rhage, rapid closure with staples may decrease the blood loss. If the galea is involved, it should be repaired with long-lasting absorbable suture material (eg, Vicryl, Monocryl). Closing the galea helps to control heavy bleeding associated with scalp wounds and limits the spread of potential infection. The skin should be approximated with 6-0 nonabsorbable interrupted sutures, and removed after 5 days. Eyelids The eyelid is thin and delicate and is functionally and cosmetically important. Because of the risk of periorbital trauma, the emergency physician should have a low threshold to refer to an oculoplastic specialist or ophthalmologist for evalua- tion and repair. This includes lacerations to upper and lower lid margins and those involving the lacrimal duct. Any laceration medial to the puncta should be highly concerning for a canicular system injury. Staining the laceration with fluorescein dye can be used to determine damage to the canaliculus. In addition, damage to the levator palpebrae superioris muscle should be ruled out with traumatic lacerations of the upper lid. A majority of eyelid lacerations can be managed without suture repair, including lacerations that are superficial and involve less that 25% of the eyelid. When sutures are indicated, repair is generally undertaken with 6-0 or 7-0 interrupted sutures, with care to stay superficial; the suture is removed after 3 to 5 days. Nose The nose is commonly injured, and is the most common fracture in victims of domestic violence. It is the focal point of the face, thus it is important to ensure proper management of nasal lacerations for optimal cosmesis. Infection can occur when all of the layers are pen- etrated or when cartilage is exposed. Septal trauma may lead to hematoma for- mation, which can lead to necrosis of the septum or chronic obstruction of the nasal passageway. Untreated hematoma separates the septal cartilage from its peri- chondrium depriving it from the nutrient supply. Anesthesia in this area is difficult because of the tightness of skin over the cartilage, but can be obtained via a dorsal nerve block. Injection directly into a wound can distort wound edges for repair and is extremely uncomfortable, as well. Cartilage lacera- tions should be repaired with 4-0 or 5-0 absorbable sutures, and the skin closed with 6-0 nonabsorbable suture for 3 to 5 days. Lips The junction between the skin and the red portion of the lip, the vermillion bor- der, is of vital cosmetic importance. Additionally, the orbicularis oris muscle that surrounds the mouth is critical for facial expression, speech formation, and the retention of saliva. Lacerations involving the lip that do not cross the vermillion border can be closed in layers with 6-0 nonabsorbable suture and left in place for 5 days. If the vermilion border is disrupted, the first stitch in repair should exactly approximate the border using 6-0 nonabsorbable suture. Regional anesthesia is helpful, because local anesthetic infiltration can obscure the anatomy. The most common regional blocks include the mental nerve block and infraorbital block for the lower and upper lip, respectively. The first step is to approximate the vermillion-skin junction, the orbicularis muscle is then approximated and, finally, the skin is repaired. After inspection, cot- ton can be placed into the ear canal during irrigation of any lacerations. Lacerations of the ear should be approached with the following goals: cosmesis, avoidance of hematoma, and prevention of infection. Repair of lacerated ear tissue should mirror its symmetric counterpart as much as possible for the best cosmetic results. Superfi- cial lacerations should be repaired with 6-0 nonabsorbable sutures, and removed in 5 days. If an auricular hematoma is present, and is left unaddressed, the ear is prone to abnormal cartilage production and subsequent calcification commonly referred to as a “cauli- flower ear. Any cartilage that is exposed should be covered to reduce infection, erosive chondritis, and subsequent necrosis. If a plas- tic surgeon or otolaryngologist are unavailable, small superficial lacerations should be repaired with uninterrupted sutures. Sutures should be placed in the skin sur- rounding these wounds paying special attention to avoid suturing the ear cartilage, which could lead to avascular necrosis. After the laceration is repaired, a pressure dressing should be applied to help prevent the formation of an auricular hematoma.
Methods: Da- level of function and improve their quality of life generic 15 mg primaquine free shipping, which has not tabases purchase primaquine 15mg, including the Allied and Complementary Medicine Data- typically been focused upon in traditional rehabilitation primaquine 15 mg overnight delivery. Only Patient studies scoring _6 on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale were included in the review because this refected a good level of J generic primaquine 15 mg free shipping. People with visual termine the most effective exercise type, frequency, and intensity loss in one eye have trouble with depth perception and in order to in the treatment of chronic neck pain. Results: Conducting resist- prevent a fall, compensation by proprioception of hands and feet ance +/or endurance based exercises at a frequency of at least three are essential. Gangrene had pro- utes for 6-12 week periods was found most benefcial for reducing gressed in both hands and feet as complications, and both wrist pain intensity, increasing strength and reducing global disability. Patient was a 27 year old male status post tactile senses of the foot stumps to a patient with unilateral visual stroke secondary arteriovenous malformation rupture. Patient unable to participate in recreational activi- taneous Defecation ties, such as baseball, which includes jumping and running. Case Description: Anismus in a 43 year-old woman, refractory to rehabilitation treatment. There was at antecubital area which signifes 60 mmHg lymphapress therapy a signifcant subjective and objective parameters improvement af- might cause impairment of focal superfcial lymphatic drainage. Signs plays the pathophysiological changes of lymphedematous limb and symptoms became 7 months after this last infltration, with through easily visualized images of the lymphatic system. Special proctalgia, fecal diameter reduction, anal pressure elevation at caution for high pressure lymphpress usage is necessary especially sphincter relaxation attempt and elevation of anal resting pressure. A new clinical worsening came out seven Ability to Drive Safely and Confdently of Individuals 7 months later, and she underwent a new injection (100 U), with Who Have Undergone Driver Assessment Following complete restoration of the spontaneous defecation (even with no need of digital stimulation). Since the beginning of the toxin Stroke treatment, there was a signifcant and progressive improvement in *K. Patients who have suffered a of symptoms associated, including prolonged repeated straining, stroke can become overly confdent regarding their driving skills incomplete evacuatory sensation, rectal pain, need for manual dis- and not realize that this ability is impaired. Its diagnosis is based on both that most people who pass a multidisciplinary driver assessment physical examination and anorectal physiologic testing. Treatment after stroke continue driving safely and confdently in the medium is highly variable, ranging from biofeedback, botulinum toxin type to long term. Sixty seven patients resumed driving after stroke and thors present this case report because of its scientifc innovation. In addition, patients driving in Complication of the Lymphapress Treatment more diverse conditions are older, a longer time has passed since 1 2 2 their assessment by the Medical Institute for Road Safety and the *J. Conclusions: Patients who have quently prescribed physical therapy in the prevention of deep vein suffered a stroke are safe drivers following the assessment by the thrombosis. Retrospective cohort Therapeutic range, between 30 and 60 mmHg and 30 minutes- study of accident outcomes for individuals who have successfully session is recommended for adjunctive therapy for complex lym- undergone driver assessment following stroke. Case Description: 53 year old post-mas- pational Therapy Journal, (2012 59, 56-62. Pathologic stroke Drivers’ Self Assessment, Regarding their Driving, and diagnosis was invasive ductal carcinoma. Less than one year after right clavicular lymph node metastasis was treated with salvage radiation therapy and An International, Prospective Cohort to Document the chemotherapy. There was no dif- 1 2 3 Ipsen, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Samsung Medical ference in physical exam but some hardness in right antecubital 4 5 Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, The Catho- area skin. Materials and Methods: 28 patients from South Korea were included Function in the sub-analysis. We compared bladder diaries, urodynamic Dysphagia after Unilateral Hemispheric Stroke: Inci- parameters and the doses of anticholinergics which were needed. There was higher refex volume and lower maximum 1Euromedica Arogi Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 2University of Epi- detrusor pressure. Although baclofen pump is implanted to treat spasticity, Introduction: Dysphagia is a commonly documented morbid- it is possible that detrusor’s activity is also affected. In acute studies the reported incidence for dys- patients’ urologic profle should also be rexamined after the ba- phagia ranges from 30% to 55% whereas the incidence for dys- clofen intrathecal administration. Further studies are required in phagia among rehabilitation studies ranges from 40% to 81%. Material and Methods: Five hundred six patients with unilateral hemispheric stroke were admitted in reha- A. The mean dura- on: A clinical evaluation specifying demographics, spinal mobility tion of the dysphagia rehabilitation program was 52. After the program, the results of dence of dysphagia was relatively high in our study population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant or impairments in breast cancer survivors. Ida4 lymphedema was noted as in three stages of severity and shoulder 1Hanahana home care center, 2St. Fifty-fve (55%) patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined signifcance had moderate to severe upper extremity lymphedema. At present after the disease was common and forty-six patients (46%) were there is no curative treatment but immunosuppressant and immu- obese. Forty-one patients (41%) had moderate to severe fatigue nomodulating therapies were partially effective in cases. Symptoms progressed to head drop, weight loss, long breast cancer patients is needed. Exercise intervention was adjusted upon Subjective Improving the Patient Journey towards Enhanced Man- Fatigue parameters and objective evaluation including hemato- agement of Spasticity logical, biochemical data, physical symptoms and vital statistics. There was a differentiation of Introduction/Background: Spasticity is a debilitating condition ex- specifc recovering muscles. The severely damaged muscle group perienced by patients with central nervous system damage. With showed instant recovery but plateaued while moderate-slightly variations in aetiology and presentation, management of spastic- damaged group, which was predicted to be derived from disuse ity is complex. At this stage it is hoped that therapists will considerable impact of spasticity on quality of life and daily liv- employ treatment approaches based on presentation and context ing activities. Spasticity, however, often outcome reports and breakthroughs in the understanding of the remains undetected with patients ignoring/failing to report symp- pathological dysfunction is needed. Typically perceived as a symptom, spasticity lacks Rehabilitation Needs of Women with Non-Metastatic recognition as a distinct entity and is often considered a secondary Breast Cancer priority. This is mirrored in patients by a lack characterized by mechanical stretching on the nervous system, of awareness of available treatment options. Preliminary research which is performed with the objective of decreasing tension, pain, outcomes were presented to an ad board where experts discussed and improve fexibility.
Dipteryx odorata Poggendorf A primaquine 15 mg online, Gockeritz D primaquine 15mg with amex, Pohloudek-Fabini R generic primaquine 15mg otc, Der Gehalt an See Tonka Beans atherischem 01 in Anethum graveolens primaquine 15mg otc. Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, Nachdruck, Georg Olms Verlag Hildesheim 1979. The stem is yellow or reddish, thread-like, Production: Nikkar nuts are the seeds of Caesalpinia branched, with sucking roots, and climbing. The ovaries grow into divided into 5 and the corolla is fused to a 4 to 5 tipped tube stiff-haired nuts surrounded by the receptacle and become with fringed scales inside. The leaves are pinnatifid with 5 to 7 for disorders of the efferent urinary tract and the kidneys. They are markedly petiolate, obovate, smooth-mar- kidney stones, rheumatic conditions such as rheumatism, and gined, glabrous, glossy and dark green above, lighter and gout, colds, scurvy and febrile conditions. Habitat: Rosa canina grows in Europe and North Africa and infectious diseases, conditions of the efferent urinary tract. The fruits are secondary products of Dog No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction Rose shells. Dog Rose shells consist of the ripe, fresh or with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dried, opened seed receptacle, whole or cut and freed from dosages. The dry Dog Roses are Mode of Administration: Dog Rose fruits are available as broken up and the fruit and skins are separated by sieving. Rose, Eglantine Gall, Hogseed, Dog-Berry, Sweet Brier, Storage: Dog Rose should be stored in a dry and dark place. Fatty oil (8 to 10%) Daily Dosage: Tea: 2 to 5 gm drug added to 1 cup and Tocopherol (vitamin E) steeped for 10 to 15 minutes Volatile oil (0. Springer Other Names: Dog-Tree, Box Tree, Boxwood, Budwood, Verlag Heidelberg 1992. False Box, Cornelian Tree, Cornel, Bitter Redberry, Green Teuscher E, Biogene Arzneimittel. Effect on mollusks: The drug destroys the biomphalaria glabratus snails (carrier of bilharziose). Fresh Unproven Uses: In North America, the dried bark was used bark is also used occasionally. It is used externally as an astringent Flower and Fruit: The flowers are sessile, small, greenish, for wounds and boils. Formerly, it was in use as a and in clusters of 12 to 20 at the splayed end of a tough, 3 replacement for quinine. The branches are smooth and Health risks or side effects following the proper administra- covered in leaf scars. The leaves are 7 to 10 cm long, tion of designated therapeutic dosages are not recorded. The underside is Mode of Administration: Formerly the drug was used always whitish-green. The leaves are slightly pubescent internally as a tincture as an alternative to quinine and when young. Habitat: Cornus florida is indigenous to eastern and southern Homeopathic Dosage: Oral: 5 drops, 1 tablet or 10 globules North America; other varieties are found in Europe. Unproven Uses: The resin is used for diarrhea, digestive disorders and as a coloring agent. When the fruit are ripe, they are covered in a reddish, Drosera ramentacea resinous substance, which is separated in various ways. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, to 5 ribs, and are sometimes pigmented with red. Dusty Miller Senecio bicolor Habitat: The plant is found worldwide in cooler, oceanic climates. Medicinal Parts: The medicinal parts are the fresh plant harvested before flowering, the herb of the flowering plant, Production: Duckweed is the fresh plant Lemna minor. The calyx only Flavonoids: in particular C-glucosyl-flavone, including has a few sepals. The fruit among others orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, isovitexin, luto- is striped. The stem is erect, heavily Cyclopentane fatty acids, with structure resembling branched at the base, and sometimes snow-white tomentose. The lower leaves are oval to lanceolate, Cardiac steroids (cardenolides) pinnatifid, and the outer lobes are usually longer than they are wide. Unproven Uses: Duckweed is used internally for inflamma- tion of the upper respiratory tract and externally for gout and Production: Cineraria juice is the juice of the whole Senecio rheumatism. Chinese Medicine: Duckweed is used for measles, edema, Other Names: Cineraria Maritima joint pain, dysuria, acne, erysipelas and epilepsy. The fruit is a black, globular, Unproven Uses: Though no longer recommended, the plant berry-like drupe with at least 3 to 4 ovate seeds. When ripe, previously was administered for ailments of the eye, as an the fruit stems are erect and violet or crimson. Homeopathic Uses: In homeopathy, the juice is used to treat Leaves, Stem and Root: Dwarf Elder is a perennial, herb-like eye-sight problems (for the treatment of spots before the plant 0. The leaves are crossed opposite, odd-pinate with 3 Dusty Miller should not be taken internally (except in to 4 pairs of ovate-lanceolate leaflets and 2 large, ovate- homeopathic dosages) because of the potential hepatotoxici- lanceolate, and serrate stipules. The drug also is used for Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, constipation and as an emetic and to treat edema and kidney Pharmakologie, 2. Isoflavonoids: genistein, genistin Hansel R, Keller K, Rimpler H, Schneider G (Hrsg. The drug acts as a purifier, cathartic, diuretic, purgative and Lewin L, Gifte und Vergiftungen, 6. Unproven Uses: Formerly, the drug was used as a purgative Roth L, Daunderer M, Kormann K, Giftpflanzen, Pflanzengifte, and to remove bladder stones, as well as for digestive 4. Once an infusion has been taken, breathing deepens and pain in the lumbar and pelvic region is alleviated. Overdosage can lead to diarrhea and to symptoms Medicinal Parts: The entire plant has medicinal applications. The petal stems of the 4 lower petals are initially Mode of Administration: The drug is used internally as an straight, but in moments of tension, when for instance, they infusion. It Preparations: To prepare an infusion, use 1 teaspoonful of is brown, compressed at the sides, and contains 5 to 10 the ground drug per cup of water. The florescent green stems are smooth and produce fairly Bricout J, (1974) Phytochemistry 13:2819. Echinacea pallida herb consists of the fresh or dried in Food Drugs and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons Inc. Echinacea angustifolia herb and root consist of the fresh or Lewin L, Gifte und Vergiftungen, 6. Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, Nachdruck, Georg Olms Verlag Hildesheim 1979. Not to be Confused With: The herbs and roots of Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea angustifolia and Echinacea pallida have Roth L, Daunderer M, Kormann K, Giftpflanzen, Pflanzengifte, different medicinal properties. The bracts are dodeca-2E,4E-8Z,10E/Z- tetraen acid isobutylamide in a number of rows.
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