Category: Articles

The Neurological Mechanisms Of Habitual Versus Stress Responding In Eating, Smoking and Online Shopping Behaviours

A working literature review of three topographies (eating, smoking and online shopping) of behaviour, what the evidence suggests, the thoughts it inspires and how this leads to working hypotheses. The relationship between stress & habitual versus goal directed behaviour When actions and outcomes are associated, learning is said to be goal-directed (GD). Conversely, the association between a response and its antecedent stimuli...

A discussion of the role that context plays in habitual responding (smoking, eating & online shopping) and how this relates to both dual-system and rate-correlation theories

Introduction Here we will consider the role of context and the evidence supporting its role in habits such as eating, smoking and online shopping. Most research has focused on eating behaviour; however, we are interested in the findings from eating, smoking and online shopping to understand if the mechanism is indeed standardised for three topographies. This is an important area for research...

Do scent based enrichment activities make dogs tired when compared to traditional walking as a form of exercise? A feasibility naturalistic case study.

For those of you that have been wondering why we are quiet, its because we have been working on academic proposals solidly for the last 9 months and have started a new project in our lab. We want to tell you a little bit about our project (we cannot share data for papers that will be submitted for publication), our reason for...

How To Use Science To Change Behaviour

Behavioural momentum theory (BMT) looks at how persistent a behaviour is in relation to its reinforcement history. The theory states that reinforcers increase the persistence of behaviour in the face of disrupters, distraction or discontinuation of reinforcement. The persistence of a target response is increased by alternative reinforcers that are presented in that situation regardless of whether they are contingent on that...

Illustrated Resources On Behaviour Change Principles

Onset & Offset Of Appetitive & Aversive Stimuli Showing Effects On Behaviour 3rd Order Respondent Conditioning Diagram Conditioning Fear Using An Unconditioned Aversive Stimulus How To Counter condition A New Emotional Response Optimum Conditions For Learning These are part of this essential poster pack Some Of Our Other Bits: Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour Treatment, Prognosis, Management & Prevention ASD Genetic & Epigenetic Review...

Functional Analysis Interview Questionnaire For Animal Behaviour Consultations

DOWNLOAD PDF HERE: FunctionalAnalysisInterview   Some Of Our Articles & Courses: Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour Treatment, Prognosis, Management & Prevention ASD Genetic & Epigenetic Review How To Tackle Common Behaviour Problems Why Letting Him Cry It Out Can Cause Permanent Damage Neuroscience Of Lip Licking Why Do Dogs Yawn The Neuroscience Of Empathy The Science Behind Punishment & Why It Does Not Increase His...

How To Tackle Common Behaviour Problems

  The solution to most behaviour problems in dogs is simple and IF you adhere to the following. The principle is simple- dogs repeat behaviours that are reinforced. That means that if your puppy or adult dog behaves in a certain way (that is undesirable to you), by say barking at you through the back door (when he’s outside and you’re inside),...

Genetic, Neurological, Medical & Behavioural Overview Of Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Genetic, Neurological, Medical & Behavioural Overview Of Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) The Brain Behaviour Research Council has many membership benefits. One of which is a meet the speaker event each month to hear the latest research on particular areas related to the brain and behaviour. As a masters student in ABA (applied behaviour analysis) it is pertinent to review such research and...

Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour- Treatment, Prognosis, Causes, Management & Prevention

Light Chasing & Obsessive Compulsive Behaviours In Dogs Treatment, Management & Prevention It is often dogs who have a high prey/chase drive that become fixated on shadows, reflections and light. This often starts out as a fun game which could have its roots in the relief of boredom. Light chasing falls into the realms of obsessive compulsive disorder and this is defined...

Respondent Conditioning: Function & Behaviour Altering Effects Explained (ABA)

(N.B: we are talking about respondent & NOT operant procedures) Responses occur due to environmental stimuli which have unlearned (or phylogenic) provenance. Examples: Reflexes Kineses Taxis Fixed Action Patterns Reflexes are the responses between a stimulus (antecedent) and a reflex. This is a stimulus response  (or S-R) relationship. A simple example of a reflex would be, when a dog sees food, he...

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